The Faces of the Mission Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery medical professionals are highly trained in anesthesia and sedation. We are licensed in the administration of medications to control pain. There are three general types of sedation.
- local sedation
- conscious sedation
- deep sedation
Some surgeries require general anesthesia (deep sedation) while other procedures can be comfortably handled with a local anesthesia. Depending on your medical history, medications and the surgery that will be performed, Dr. Luque and his team will work closely with you to utilize the best and safest anesthesia to meet your needs and provide you the greatest comfort.
Local Anesthesia numbs a specific area. It is typically delivered by injection or topically, and lasts for up to three hours following treatment. This is the most common form of anesthesia.
Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is the agent typically used for inhalation anesthesia. Combined with a local anesthesia, inhalation anesthesia enables patients to feel calm while experiencing little to no discomfort. The patient is able to respond and communicate with Dr. Luque during the procedure.
Oral Conscious Sedation
By taking a benzodiazepine (such as Valium, Halcion, Xanax or Ativan) combined with a local anesthesia before treatment, patients feel significantly reduced anxiety and little to no discomfort. The expression “sleep dentistry” was coined a number of years ago for the practice of oral conscious sedation, but this term inaccurately suggests that patients are put to sleep through oral sedatives prior to treatment.
Intravenous (IV) sedation is another form of conscious sedation. Patients often have no recollection of the procedure and think that they have been asleep. Dr. Luque is able to communicate with a patient who consciously sedated intravenously. IV sedation is combined with a local anesthetic to block discomfort and maintain a feeling of relaxation.
In more complex surgeries, patients are put in a state of unconsciousness called general anesthesia. A combination of medications is used to induce unconsciousness, making a patient feel no pain during the procedure, and have no recollection of the operation. Another effect of general anesthesia is the relaxation of skeletal muscles. This is important for some operations.
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